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Sunday, August 11, 2019

LUXEON Rebel White - Philips Lumileds

LUXEON Rebel LEDs are designed for a wide range of lighting applications and available in specifi Correlated Color Temperatures (CCT) and Color Rendering Index (CRI) combinations, flux and CCT combinations and even specified efficacy.

LUXEON Rebel White - Philips Lumileds

LUXEON Rebel White - Philips Lumileds

Electrical Characteristics at 350 mA for LUXEON Rebel - Thermal Pad Temperature = 25ºC
Part No - LXM3-PW71
  • Nominal CCT - 3000K
  • Typical CRI - 85
  • Typical Luminous Flux - 77 lm
  • Forward Voltage Vf - Typ - 3.00 V
  • Color Temperature - CCT - 3045K
  • Typical Viewing Angle - 120 Degrees
Correlated Color Temperature (CCT) - The phrase use to describe the temperature at which a Planckian Black Body Radiator and an illumination source's appear to match, usually specified in Kelvin (K).

CRI or Color Rendering Index - The calculated rendered color of an object. The higher the CRI (based upon a 0-100 scale), the more natural the colors appear. Natural outdoor light has a CRI of 100. Common lighting sources have a large range of CRI.

Flux - The sum of all the lumens (lm) emitted by a source (see lumen).

From - Philips Lumileds Lighting Company

XLamp XP-G Power LED from Cree

Optimized for high lumen directional lighting applications, the XLamp XP-G LED set a new standard for light output and efficacy in a small form factor LED.

345 lumens at 1 A. High light output and efficacy in single-die LED. Typical efficacy up to 132 lm/W

XLamp XP-G Power LED from Cree

XLamp XP-G Power LED from Cree

Some Characteristics
  • Viewing angle (FWHM) .... 125 degrees
  • Temperature coefficient of voltage ... -2.1 mV/°C
  • DC forward current ...1000 mA
  • Reverse voltage .. 5V
  • Forward voltage (@ 350 mA) ... 3.0V Typical
  • Forward voltage (@ 1000 mA) ... 3.3V Typical
LED Chips and Lighting from Cree

"Cree LEDs combine highly efficient InGaN materials with proprietary substrates to deliver superior price/performance for high-intensity LEDs...."

Product line include lighting-class LEDs, LED lighting Solutions. They also have semiconductors for wireless and power applications.

LED Lighting Devices from Nichia

Japanese chemical engineering and manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokushima, Japan. Specializes in the manufacturing and distribution of phosphors, including light-emitting diodes (LEDs), battery materials, and calcium chloride.

Light Emitting Diode - InGan LED NICHIA

Light Emitting Diode - InGan LED NICHIA

Nichia 219 white LED offers typical 140 lumen output at 1 W input power with 5,000 K color temperature. Using a uniformly phosphor coated chip, Nichia 219 has the industry leading source brightness and tightest optical footprint.

High Power Point Source White Led NVSx219AWe rolled out a better idea

The spatial color uniformity is also optimized with Nichia’s leading phosphor technology. At 350 mA drive current, the typical forward voltage is only 3.0 V. Additionally, this package is capable of drive currents up to 1.5 A.

Thursday, July 18, 2019

Cypress Semiconductor - PSoC and System Chips

Cypress delivers high-performance, mixed-signal, programmable solutions that provide customers with rapid time-to-market and exceptional system value. Cypress offerings include the PSoC Programmable System-on-Chip, USB controllers, general-purpose programmable clocks and memories......

Cypress Semiconductor - PSoC and System Chips

The PSoC 4 L-Series Pioneer Kit features the PSoC 4200L device - industry’s most flexible 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 solution.

PSoC 4 L-Series Pioneer Kit

The PSoC 4200L device is a member of the PSoC 4 L-Series device family with up to 256KB flash, 98 GPIOs, 13 programmable analog blocks, 20 programmable digital blocks, dual CapSense hardware blocks, full-speed USB, DMA and CAN.

The PSoC 4 L-Series Pioneer Kit is the industry’s first development platform that features footprint to connect two Arduino Uno compatible shields side-by-side.

Cypress Semiconductor Corp.
198 Champion Court, San Jose, CA 95134 USA

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Microsemi Corporation - High Performance Devices

Products  Microsemi Designs and Manufactures include high-performance, radiation-hardened and highly reliable analog mixed-signal integrated circuits, FPGAs, SoCs and ASICs; power management products; timing and voice processing devices; RF solutions; etc.

Microsemi Corporation - High Performance Devices

Zarlink and Actel are now part of  Microsemi. Actel have designed  SoCs and FPGAs based on flash and antifuse technologies.

Microsemi SmartFusion2 Starter Kit

Microsemi's SmartFusion2 Starter Kit

The SmartFusion2 starter kit supports industry-standard interfaces including Ethernet, USB, SPI, I2C and UART and includes a comprehensive breadboard to support unique design requirements.

"SmartFusion2 system-on-chip (SoC) FPGAs, which integrate inherently reliable flash-based FPGA fabric, a 166 MHz ARM Cortex-M3 processor, advanced security processing accelerators, DSP blocks, SRAM, eNVM...."

They also provide High-performance IP Cores for other designers and chip developers.

Microsemi Corporation
One Enterprise Aliso Viejo, CA 92656 USA

Xilinx - Programmable SoC and FPGA

They Design and Create Semiconductor Technologies and manufacture Devices like Programmable FPGAs and SoCs. These are programmable alternatives to to ASICs and ASSPs.

Xilinx - Programmable SoC and FPGA

Developer and fabless manufacturer of a class of reconfigurable hardware chips known as field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). It was founded by Ross Freeman (FPGA inventor), Bernie  Vonderschmitt (fabless pioneer), and Jim Barnett in 1984 and was based in Silicon Valley.
 
Product Line include Programmable FPGA, 3D IC, SoC, CPLD and Configuration Memory solutions. Embedded Processing, DSP and Connectivity Solutions. An extensive catalog of base-level cores is available to address the general needs of all designers.

Xilinx Zynq-7000 All Programmable SoC ZC702 Evaluation Kit

Xilinx Zynq-7000 All Programmable SoC

The Evaluation Kit includes all the basic components of hardware, design tools, IP, and pre-verified reference designs including a targeted design, enabling a complete embedded processing platform. The included pre-verified reference designs and industry-standard FPGA Mezzanine Connectors (FMC) allow scaling and customization with daughter cards.

Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Lattice Semiconductor - FPGA CPLD

A leading manufacturer of high-performance programmable logic devices PLDs, field-programmable gate arrays FPGAs, programmable mixed-signal and interconnect products, related software and intellectual property IP.

Products include FPGAs, CPLDs, Power Management and Clock Management Devices.

Lattice Semiconductor - FPGA CPLD
 
The ispMACH 4000ZE CPLD family is ideal for ultra low-power, high-volume portable applications.
Standby current as low as 10µA (typical) 1.8V core; Operational down to 1.6V VCC. Easy System Integration, Flexible multi-volt I/O.

5V tolerant I/O for LVCMOS 3.3, LVTTL, and PCI interfaces. JTAG In-System Programmable (ISPTM), On-chip user oscillator and timer,

ispMACH 4000ZE Evaluation Board

ispMACH 4000ZE Evaluation Board

ispMACH_4000ZE ispMACH 4000ZE Family

Lattice Semiconductor
5555 NE Moore Ct, Hillsboro, OR 97124, USA

Tuesday, June 11, 2019

BC557 PNP Transistor General Purpose

BC556, BC557 and BC558 PNP Amplifier Transistors are not only popular today but very ancient, it is used as a General Purpose device and a popular LED control in small products.

BC557 PNP Transistor - Amplifier

This Silicon device along with some others replaced Germanium Devices in Preamplifiers and Portable Transistor Radios  and Portable Tape Recorders. A Complement is the BC547 NPN General Purpose Transistor. Now for Specs 45V, 100mA, 200 beta approx.

BC557 PNP Transistor General Purpose

I will explain in a way most can comprehend. Do not use this for circuits working around 30-40 Volts. Use it for circuits upto 24 volts on the safer side. (45 V max rating)

Do not subject the base emmiter (diode path ) to any kind of reverse bias. That includes kickback from coils of relays or solenoids. This will damage the device, protect with a diode if needed.

Do not work it hot, it is not a metal device, use it for small signal. Reed Relay driving is possible, Single LED drive is also ok. Microphone Amplifiers, Bass, Treble and Presence controls. LED Flashers, Graphic Equalizers are things you could make with this, using Filter Circuits.

Continuous current rating is 100mA, this is fine if transistor is saturated or fully on, when voltage across device is very less and current is 100mA. Power Dissipation is tolerable. If Transistor is just partially ON or Switching fast, The Power Dissipation can peak and eventually damage the device. The device can manage to survive say 500 mW or a little more, but remember that the battery is draining fast.

A 200 Beta is pretty good, it depends on temperature, voltage and other factors. 100uA base drive can can turn on a LED at 20mA in the collector path. You can drive a LED from Opamp or Logic IC using this device, just add a 22k in series to the base.

Design products that are safe, last long and use very little power. That is pretty Green.

- delabs Notes from 1988 offline notes to 1999 online notes. enhanced 2019

Monday, June 10, 2019

High-Voltage High-Power IGBT - Hitachi

IGBT module from  Hitachi. The new IGBT module makes high energy efficiency and silent operation of inverters possible. It has High thermal fatigue durability. It is a High speed and low loss IGBT module.

High-Voltage High-Power IGBT

Low noise due to soft and fast recovery diode. The driving power is less as the MOS gate input capacitance is very low. The modules are very reliable and durable. The heatsink has a Isolation between terminals and base.

High-Voltage High-Power IGBT

From 1700V to 6500V,  High Power Density, Low Inductance, Scalable, Easy Paralleling, Standard and High Isolation Package.

The Hitachi Power Semiconductor Devices mark a new era of Power electronics by High-Power IGBT modules, High-Voltage ICs and Power diodes.

Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Micron - Semiconductor Solutions - Memory

Micron's DRAM and Flash components are used in today's most advanced computing, networking, and communications products..

Micron - Semiconductor Solutions - Memory

Product Line Include - DRAM Modules, NAND Flash, Managed NAND, RealSSD and Phase Change Memory among many others.

AC-520 Micron

The AC-520 advances our unique modular architecture with our high-bandwidth Hybrid Memory Cube (HMC) and an Intel® Arria® 10 FPGA.

Up to three AC-520 modules can be snapped onto a Micron full-length PCIe backplane (up to eight backplanes in a 4U chassis), filling a single PCIe slot with a groundbreaking level of parallel processing density for compute-intensive and memory-bound applications.

Micron Technology, Inc.
8000 S. Federal Way, P.O. Box 6. Boise, ID 83707-0006 USA

Integrated Device Technology - IDT - Semiconductors

Leadership in digital technologies, coupled with its in-house analog capabilities. They have solutions for Computing, Communications and Consumer Electronics. They Streamline data transmission and data-communication in the Networks.

Integrated Device Technology - IDT - Semiconductors

The Product Line includes Clock / Timing Devices , Display / Video Solutions, Memory Interface Products and SRAMs. For Small Computing devices there are Touch Products, Processors and USB/PCI Express Chips. They also manufacture RISCore 64-bit Processors for large computing systems.

DAC1653Q-DB High-Performance 16-bit Quad DAC

DAC1653Q-DB High-Performance 16-bit Quad DAC

"The DAC1653Q-DB evaluation board features the DAC1658Q high-speed quad channel 16-bit DAC with high common mode voltage. The DAC1653Q-DB evaluation board is suitable for dynamic performance evaluation from low to high output frequency configurations."

Founded 1980, Corporate headquarters in San Jose, California.

Integrated Device Technology - IDT - Semiconductors
6024 Silver Creek Valley Road, San Jose, CA 95138, United States.

Analog Devices - Semiconductors and Signal Processing

They develop Analog Semiconductors, Digital Signal Processing, high performance signal processing solutions. Broadband Products, RF/IF Components, Embedded Processing and DSP.

Analog Devices - Semiconductors and Signal Processing

Products Include - Amplifiers, Processors, MEMS, A/D Converters, Temperature Sensors, RF Amplifiers, Differential Amplifiers, Thermal Management, D to A Converters, Microcontroller and Embedded Processing and DSP.

Circuit Note CN0147 - Powering a Fractional-N Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) with Low Noise LDO Regulators for Reduced Phase Noise

Circuit Note CN0147 - Analog Devices

This circuit uses low noise, low dropout (LDO) linear regulators to supply power to a wideband integrated PLL and VCO. Wideband voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs) may have increased sensitivity to power supply noise, hence, ultralow noise regulators are recommended for best performance.

The evaluation board, which uses the ADP150 LDOs to power the ADF4350. The ADP150 represents the industry’s lowest noise LDO in the smallest package at the lowest cost.

Analog Devices, Inc
One Technology Way Norwood, MA 02062-9106, USA.

Friday, April 26, 2019

Hendon Semiconductors - Microelectronics Design

Products include integrated circuits (silicon chips) in Bipolar, Bi-CMOS and CMOS technologies, thick film hybrids (ceramic substrate) and surface mounted printed circuit board assemblies and modules.

Hendon Semiconductors - Microelectronics Design

History -"The Hendon business site in Adelaide, South Australia has been a long established integrated circuit design and wafer fabrication facility in Australia, from its Philips semiconductor background up to 1997..."

Hendon Semiconductors - Microelectronics Design

Thick Film Hybrid Technology

The advantage of ceramic hybrids over fiberglass printed circuit is their high reliability due to their inherent rugged construction with the following advantages:

Hendon Semiconductors Pty. Ltd
ABN: 17 080 879 616, 1 Butler Drive, Hendon, South Australia 5014, Australia.    

Thursday, April 25, 2019

CM100E3U-12H - 100A 600V IGBT - Powerex

Each module consists of one IGBT Transistor having a reverse-connected superfast recovery free-wheel diode and an anode-collector connected superfast recovery free-wheel diode. The Powerex Chopper IGBTMOD Modules are designed for use in switching applications.

CM100E3U-12H - 100A 600V IGBT - Powerex

Built in Discrete Super-Fast Recovery (150ns) Free-Wheel Diode.  This is used in Power Product Designs like DC Motor Controls and Boost Regulators.

CM100E3U-12H - 100A 600V IGBT - Powerex

All components and interconnects are isolated from the heat sinking baseplate, offering simplified system  assembly and thermal management.

Features
  • Low Drive Power
  • Low VCE(sat)
  • High Frequency Operation (15-20kHz)
  • Isolated Baseplate for Easy Heat Sinking
Powerex, Inc.
173 Pavilion Lane, Youngwood, PA 1569715697, USA.

Monday, April 22, 2019

MAX1169 ADC Analog-to-Digital converter

What is the use of a Robot, which cannot perceive its environment in detail. Where can a Control system be effective, if it does not get a "feedback" about its actions. How could one do Analysis and Research or Verify, when he cannot Measure a parameter with good accuracy and resolution.

ADC are the Eyes and Ears for a uC, this brings the Real world as Numbers within the CPU. Without ADC a uC is like a Frog in the Well and has to create an Imaginary World for himself. That is beyond the scope of Engineering.

MAX1169 ADC and PIC Microcontroller

Bring your favorite PIC Microcontroller to his senses. Give him an ability to Perceive the Reality around him. Get him an Analog to Digital Converter and don't forget to code.

Interfacing the MAX1169 ADC to a PIC Microcontroller - Maxim

MAX1169 ADC is better than 4 1/2 Digit Value. For me the Intersil chip is a Benchmark. Beyond 5 1/2 Resolution may be needed only for Scientific Research.

I would say, 2 1/2 is like Analog Meters/Bar Graphs, 3 1/2 for Control systems, 4 1/2 for T&M and beyond 5 1/2 is for R&D.

- delabs Notes

Abstract: This application note describes how to interface a MAX1169 analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to a PIC microcontroller. It includes an example circuit and software for a PIC18F442. The software contains function calls to interface the ADC to the PIC microcontroller using the internal MSSP I²C port at 400kHz.

Friday, February 22, 2019

Plessey Semiconductors - CMOS IC Solutions

British electronics company which design and develop Semiconductor Chip Solutions like RF components, data converters, power regulators, imaging sensors, programmable DSPs and special ASICS.

Plessey Semiconductors - CMOS IC Solutions

Highlights of Services
  • In-house development team
  • RF, Mixed Signal and High Performance Analogue
  • Full custom / Semi-custom IC design service
  • Process design Kits (PDK) Development and Support
  • Characterization, Modelling and ESD

EPIC Sensor technology

EPIC Sensor technology

A innovative  sensor technology that measures changes in an electric field in a similar way to a magnetometer detecting changes in a magnetic field. The EPIC sensor, which requires no physical or resistive contact to make measurements.....

Plessey Semiconductors Ltd
Plymouth Tamerton Road, Roborough, Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom PL6 7BQ.

Advanced Linear Devices ALD - Precision CMOS IC

Analog semiconductors for OEM manufacturers of industrial controls, instrumentation, computers, medical devices, automotive, and telecommunications products.

Advanced Linear Devices ALD - Precision CMOS IC

Some Products Like -
  • Ultra-low Input Signal Power Rail-to-Rail CMOS OpAmps
  • Ultra-low Charge Injection Low Voltage Analog Switches
  • High resolution Dual Slope Integrating Analog Processors
  • ±5 1/2 Digit DVM Digital Voltmeter Boards
Energy Harvesting Modules 

Advanced Linear Devices ALD - Precision CMOS IC

EH300/EH301 Series EH Modules can accept energy from many types of electrical energy sources and store this energy to power conventional 3.3V and 5.0V electrical circuits and systems such as wireless sensor networks (WSN) using ZIGBEE standards.

These modules capture residual energy as a by-product of a natural environmental phenomenon or industrial process, storing and and conditioning the energy for use at a later time.

ALD's mixed signal ASIC design

ALD's standard linear product as Breadboard Design Kit for Mixed Analog/Digital ASIC. Includes Opamps, Comparators, Mosfets etc. Create a Function-Specific Mixed ASIC chip.

Advanced Linear Devices, Inc
415 Tasman Drive, Sunnyvale California 94089

Thursday, February 21, 2019

OP07 - The Instrumentation Opamp

The OP07 has very low input offset voltage, like 75 µV and low input bias current like 4 nA and is used in instrumentation applications in the domains of Process control and Test-Measurement.'

OP07 - The Instrumentation Opamp

The OP07E is specified for operation over the 0°C to 70°C range, and the OP07C is specified over the –40°C to +85°C temperature range.

OP07 - Low Offset and High Impedance Amp

"The accuracy and stability of the OP07, even at high gain, combined with the freedom from external nulling have made the OP07 an industry standard for instrumentation applications."

Low VOS: 75 µV Max and Low Noise: 0.6 µV p-p Max makes it look like an Ideal Op-amp.Voltages like a Wide Input Voltage Range: ±14 V and Wide Supply Voltage Range: ±3 V to ±18 V makes it useful in industrial product design.

Ultralow Offset Voltage - Operational Amplifiers

"OP07 series units may be substituted directly into 725, 108A/308A and OP05 sockets with or without removal of external compensation or nulling components. Additionally, the OP07may be used in unnulled 741 type sockets."

Friday, January 18, 2019

Maxim Integrated - Analog Integration

They make unique and affordable semiconductor solutions in the areas or Analog and Mixed-signal. The digital and analog interface ICs are useful products in maxim for automotive and industrial product engineering.

Maxim Integrated - Analog Integration

They have Embedded Systems and Optical Communications in their Portfolio. They are well known for Power and Battery Management chips.

Some of products are - 1-Wire and iButton designs, Amplifiers, Analog Switches and Multiplexers, Clock Generation and Distribution, Data Converters, Design Services and Analog IP Blocks, Digital Potentiometers, Embedded Security, Energy-Measurement and Metering SoCs and more.

Novato smart sensor transmitter. - 4-20mA Loop-Powered Temperature Sensor with HART

The Novato reference design is a 16-bit, high-accuracy, loop-powered temperature transducer that transmits temperature information from a remote object to the central control unit over a 4–20mA current loop and using the highway addressable remote transducer (HART) communication protocol.

 Novato smart sensor transmitter.

HART Communication Protocol

The Novato reference design fully satisfies the HART physical layer requirements. The HART functions set is developed by AB Tech Solution, an engineering firm specialized in product development services for industrial automation applications.

Established in 1983, Maxim Integrated Products is a worldwide leader in design, development, and manufacture of linear and mixed-signal integrated circuits (ICs).

Maxim circuits "connect" the real world and digital world by detecting, measuring, amplifying, and converting real-world signals, such as temperature, pressure, or sound, into the digital signals necessary for computer processing.

Maxim Integrated
160, Rio Robles, San Jose, CA 95134 USA.

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

74HCT4067 Analog Multiplexer

An Excellent way to expand your A/D convertors I/O capability. Multiple Analog Inputs can be routed to a single Opamp or Analog Input of a uC or uP System. Use protection Zeners or clamping inputs.

The 74HC4067; 74HCT4067 is a single-pole 16-throw analog switch (SP16T) suitable for use in analog or digital 16:1 multiplexer/demultiplexer applications. The switch features four digital select inputs (S0, S1, S2 and S3), sixteen independent inputs/outputs (Yn), a common input/output (Z) and a digital enable input (E). When E is HIGH, the switches are turned off. Inputs include clamp diodes.

74HCT4067 Analog Multiplexer

74HC(T)4067 16-channel analog multiplexer/demultiplexer

delabs Notes

This Mux is useful for making a Datalogger or Expanding the I/O of a PLC analog unit. A Multi-Point process scanner, an analog Sample and hold system are some ideas. If you have many testpoints to monitor an you have a Embedded System with one analog input then you could think of this. Remember to protect the inputs and isolate if required. Real world parameters pose real hazards.

Discuss at the EE Forum 

HCT family is like an Ideal Logic Device. The device interfaces with TTL, CMOS, Microcontrollers and peripheral drivers or A/D Convertors or D/A Convertors. It is the best family for both the TTL 7400 series and the 4000 series CMOS. Low power consumption, good speed, nice drive capability.

4N35 Optocoupler

The set 4N35, 4N36, 4N37 are popular and versatile optocouplers for isolation of circuit blocks.

The most important feature is the Isolation test voltage 5000 VRMS that means 5KV. But PCB Design is very important to get this isolation for your products too. The PCB area under the



That way Air Insulation makes Isolation good. The Line of Isolation has to be observed in all SMPS under Magnetics and Optos. Creepage of HV can occur due to Grime and Humidity on PCB, use RTV Silicone Rubber or Epoxy impregnation to make your product Industrial or Military Grade. - delabs design Notes

4N35 Optocoupler Vishay

Other Features - Interfaces with common logic families, Input-output coupling capacitance < 0.5 pF, the low level capacitance means you can switch this opto at high speeds.

Opto-Isolaters are used in SMPS to feedback sample of output to control circuits.  In Industrial Automation Boards they are built into Output Modules and most I/O Modules. Isolation is related to Product Safety and Reliability. It protects circuits and systems from real world high-energy exposures.